Climate change, environmental protection and sustainable development are areas in which the EU has emerged in recent years as a global leader. They have become integral parts of the EU’s normative dimension, one that the EU themselves have constantly tried to promote. Biofuels, a renewable energy source, has been part of the EU’s efforts in […]
Economic diplomacy is a form of statecraft that uses a range of economic tools to achieve foreign policy ends. According to most scholars such as Woolcock, EU’s considerable success has been attributed to two economic instruments: (1) progressive economic integration and removing barriers to competition; (2) common economic policies that aims to embed and regulate member-states […]
The recent case on the annexation of Crimea and the EU’s flaccid non-response, at least militarily, highlights the relative impotence of the EU in matters of “high politics”. Should onlookers be surprised by such an emasculation on the part of the EU? It is worth considering that the EU first started out as the European […]
Building on Nivet’s (2011) article, I similarly argue that the European External Action Service (EEAS) plays a key role in the socialisation of its diplomats which leads to the Europeanisation of European Union (EU) member states’ national foreign policy. Evidence of this can be found in Cross’ (2011) study, where socialisation played a key role […]
Contrary to many other major political actors in the world, the European Union (the EU) has long championed normative diplomacy. In the articulation of its Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP), the EU Normative Diplomacy (EUND) plays an important role. The EUND is particularly manifested in the forms of collective trade and economic cooperation, and […]
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